For children, the optimum appliances are selected from numerous different types. The choices reflect the specific dental alignment and bite, the stage of the transition to permanent teeth, the timing of jaw growth, personal lifestyle habits and other pertinent factors.
Early Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic treatment is primarily used to prevent and correct “bite” irregularities. Several factors may contribute to such irregularities, including genetic factors, the early loss of primary (baby) teeth, and damaging oral habits (such as thumb sucking and developmental problems).
Orthodontic irregularities may be present at birth or develop during toddlerhood or early childhood. Crooked teeth hamper self-esteem and make good oral homecare difficult, whereas straight teeth help minimize the risk of tooth decay and childhood periodontal disease.
Why does early orthodontic treatment make sense?
Some children display early signs of minor orthodontic irregularities. In such cases, the pediatric dentist may choose to monitor the situation over time without providing intervention. However, for children who display severe orthodontic irregularities, early orthodontic treatment can provide many benefits, including:
Enhanced self-confidence and aesthetic appearance.
Increased likelihood of proper jaw growth.
Increased likelihood of properly aligned and spaced adult teeth.
Reduced risk of bruxing (grinding of teeth).
Reduced risk of childhood cavities, periodontal disease, and tooth decay.
Reduced risk of impacted adult teeth.
Reduced risk of protracted orthodontic treatments in later years.
Reduced risk of speech problems.
Reduced risk of tooth, gum, and jawbone injury.
When can my child begin early orthodontic treatment?
Dentists recognize three age-related stages of orthodontic treatment. These stages are described in detail below.
Early orthodontic treatment aims to guide and regulate the width of both dental arches. The main goal of early treatment is to provide enough space for the permanent teeth to erupt correctly. Good candidates for early treatment include: children who have difficulty biting properly, children who lose baby teeth early, children whose jaws click or grind during movement, bruxers, and children who use the mouth (as opposed to the nose and mouth) to breathe.
The goals of middle dentition treatments are to realign wayward jaws, to start to correct crossbites and to begin the process of gently straightening misaligned permanent teeth. Middle dentition marks a developmental period when the soft and hard tissues are extremely pliable. In some ways, therefore, it marks an optimal time to begin to correct a severe malocclusion.
Some appliances (like braces) are fixed and others are removable. Regardless of the appliance, the child will still be able to speak, eat, and chew in a normal fashion. However, children who are fitted with fixed dental appliances should take extra care to clean the entire oral region each day in order to reduce the risk of staining, decay, and later cosmetic damage.
Adolescent dentition is what springs to most parents’ minds when they think of orthodontic treatment. Some of the main goals of adolescent dentition include straightening the permanent teeth and improving the aesthetic appearance of the smile.
Most commonly during this period, the orthodontist will provide fixed or removable “braces” to gradually straighten the teeth. Upon completion of the orthodontic treatment, the adolescent may be required to wear a retainer in order to prevent the regression of the teeth to their original alignment.
A functional appliance is a type of brace used to correct skeletal problems in growing children. Growth modification is used using orthopedic forces to correct the jaws not just the teeth. Functional appliances may be either fixed or removable.
It is the most common type of teeth braces. It is made of high-grade stainless steel and has metal brackets cemented to each tooth. The brackets interconnect with each other with a thin arch wire, which produces pressure on the teeth and causes it to move slowly in the desired position.
This type of teeth braces works like traditional braces, except that the brackets are clear, transparent ceramic material. The most popular type of teeth braces as it is less visible than traditional metal braces.
Self Ligating Braces (DAMON SYSTEM/CARRIERE SYSTEM)
Self-ligating appliances are fitted in the same way as traditional metal braces. But instead of having brackets that tighten and adjust the braces regularly, self-ligating use a slide mechanism that attaches wires to brackets to move naturally with the teeth as they realign. This makes them more comfortable, better looking and able to provide strong results in a shorter time.
These braces use a different method for moving teeth into the right position. The braces are attached to memory wire that connects slide brackets without the pressure that traditional elastics often produce. They are then set to move your teeth gradually, tightening over time. The process uses less force than traditional braces, which often require supplemental treatment through tooth extractions and palatal expanders.
Damon Metal/Damon Clear
Damon braces are self-ligating appliances that are fitted in the same way as traditional metal braces. But instead of having brackets that tighten and adjust the braces regularly, Damon braces use a slide mechanism that attaches wires to brackets to move naturally with the teeth as they realign. This makes them more comfortable, better looking and able to provide strong results in a shorter time.
Invisalign treatment is an alternative to traditional orthodontics treatments like braces. It consists of a series of nearly invisible, removable aligners that you have to change every two to four weeks. These aligners move your teeth little by little you have to use the aligners around 20 hours a day minimum and keep great oral hygiene so no caries build.
Who is Invisalign for?
Invisalign is for anyone who doesn’t want the conventional braces. An increasing number of people are finding out how easy it is to straighten their teeth discreetly.